Pentesting

Pcaps analysis

Start searching for malware inside the pcap. Use the tools mentioned in Malware Analysis.

A note about PCAP vs PCAPNG: there are two versions of the PCAP file format; PCAPNG is newer and not supported by all tools. You may need to convert a file from PCAPNG to PCAP using Wireshark or another compatible tool, in order to work with it in some other tools.

Online tools for pcaps

Basic Statistics

Capinfos

capinfos capture.pcap

Wireshark

You can find more Wireshark trick in:

Suricata

Install and setup

apt-get install suricata
apt-get install oinkmaster
echo "url = http://rules.emergingthreats.net/open/suricata/emerging.rules.tar.gz" >> /etc/oinkmaster.conf
oinkmaster -C /etc/oinkmaster.conf -o /etc/suricata/rules

Check pcap

suricata -r packets.pcap -c /etc/suricata/suricata.yaml -k none -v -l log

Ngrep

If you are looking for something inside the pcap you can use ngrep. And example using the main filters:

ngrep -I packets.pcap "^GET" "port 80 and tcp and host 192.168 and dst host 192.168 and src host 192.168"

Xplico Framework

Xplico can analyze a pcap and extract information from it. For example, from a pcap file Xplico extracts each email (POP, IMAP, and SMTP protocols), all HTTP contents, each VoIP call (SIP), FTP, TFTP, and so on.

Install

sudo bash -c 'echo "deb http://repo.xplico.org/ $(lsb_release -s -c) main" /etc/apt/sources.list'
sudo apt-key adv --keyserver keyserver.ubuntu.com --recv-keys 791C25CE
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install xplico

Run

/etc/init.d/apache2 restart
/etc/init.d/xplico start

Access to 127.0.0.1:9876 with credentials xplico:xplico

Then create a new case, create a new session inside the case and upload the pcap file.

NetworkMiner

Like Xplico it is a tool to analyze and extract objects from pcaps. It has a free edition that you can download here.

  • Extracting and encoding usernames and passwords (HTTP, FTP, Telnet, IMAP, SMTP...)

  • Extract authentication hashes and crack them using Hashcat (Kerberos, NTLM, CRAM-MD5, HTTP-Digest...)

  • Build visual network diagram (Network nodes & users)

  • Extract DNS queries

  • Reconstruct all TCP & UDP Sessions

  • File Carving

Other pcap analysis tricks