Image Acquisition & Mount

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#This will generate a raw copy of the disk
dd if=/dev/sdb of=disk.img


#Raw copy with hashes along the way (more secur as it checks hashes while it's copying the data)
dcfldd if=<subject device> of=<image file> bs=512 hash=<algorithm> hashwindow=<chunk size> hashlog=<hash file>
dcfldd if=/dev/sdc of=/media/usb/pc.image hash=sha256 hashwindow=1M hashlog=/media/usb/pc.hashes

FTK Imager

You can download the FTK imager from here.

ftkimager /dev/sdb evidence --e01 --case-number 1 --evidence-number 1 --description 'A description' --examiner 'Your name'


You can generate a disk image using the ewf tools.

ewfacquire /dev/sdb
#Name: evidence
#Case number: 1
#Description: A description for the case
#Evidence number: 1
#Examiner Name: Your name
#Media type: fixed
#Media characteristics: physical
#File format: encase6
#Compression method: deflate
#Compression level: fast

#Then use default values
#It will generate the disk image in the current directory


Several types

In Windows you can try to use the free version of Arsenal Image Mounter ( to mount the forensics image.


#Get file type
file evidence.img 
evidence.img: Linux rev 1.0 ext4 filesystem data, UUID=1031571c-f398-4bfb-a414-b82b280cf299 (extents) (64bit) (large files) (huge files)

#Mount it
mount evidence.img /mnt


#Get file type
file evidence.E01 
evidence.E01: EWF/Expert Witness/EnCase image file format

#Transform to raw
mkdir output
ewfmount evidence.E01 output/
file output/ewf1 
output/ewf1: Linux rev 1.0 ext4 filesystem data, UUID=05acca66-d042-4ab2-9e9c-be813be09b24 (needs journal recovery) (extents) (64bit) (large files) (huge files)

mount output/ewf1 -o ro,norecovery /mnt


It's a Windows Application to mount volumes. You can download it here


  • cannot mount /dev/loop0 read-only in this case you need to use the flags -o ro,norecovery

  • wrong fs type, bad option, bad superblock on /dev/loop0, missing codepage or helper program, or other error. in this case the mount failed due as the offset of the filesystem is different than that of the disk image. You need to find the Sector size and the Start sector:

fdisk -l disk.img 
Disk disk.img: 102 MiB, 106954648 bytes, 208896 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disklabel type: dos
Disk identifier: 0x00495395

Device        Boot Start    End Sectors  Size Id Type
disk.img1       2048 208895  206848  101M  1 FAT12

Note that sector size is 512 and start is 2048. Then mount the image like this:

mount disk.img /mnt -o ro,offset=$((2048*512))
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