Wireshark tricks

Wireshark tricks

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Improve your Wireshark skills

Tutorials

The following tutorials are amazing to learn some cool basic tricks:

Analysed Information

Expert Information

Clicking on Analyze --> Expert Information you will have an overview of what is happening in the packets analyzed:

Resolved Addresses

Under Statistics --> Resolved Addresses you can find several information that was "resolved" by wireshark like port/transport to protocol, MAC to the manufacturer, etc. It is interesting to know what is implicated in the communication.

Protocol Hierarchy

Under Statistics --> Protocol Hierarchy you can find the protocols involved in the communication and data about them.

Conversations

Under Statistics --> Conversations you can find a summary of the conversations in the communication and data about them.

Endpoints

Under Statistics --> Endpoints you can find a summary of the endpoints in the communication and data about each of them.

DNS info

Under Statistics --> DNS you can find statistics about the DNS request captured.

I/O Graph

Under Statistics --> I/O Graph you can find a graph of the communication.

Filters

Here you can find wireshark filter depending on the protocol: https://www.wireshark.org/docs/dfref/ Other interesting filters:

  • (http.request or ssl.handshake.type == 1) and !(udp.port eq 1900)

    • HTTP and initial HTTPS traffic

  • (http.request or ssl.handshake.type == 1 or tcp.flags eq 0x0002) and !(udp.port eq 1900)

    • HTTP and initial HTTPS traffic + TCP SYN

  • (http.request or ssl.handshake.type == 1 or tcp.flags eq 0x0002 or dns) and !(udp.port eq 1900)

    • HTTP and initial HTTPS traffic + TCP SYN + DNS requests

If you want to search for content inside the packets of the sessions press CTRL+f. You can add new layers to the main information bar (No., Time, Source, etc.) by pressing the right button and then the edit column.

Free pcap labs

Practice with the free challenges of: https://www.malware-traffic-analysis.net/

Identifying Domains

You can add a column that shows the Host HTTP header:

And a column that add the Server name from an initiating HTTPS connection (ssl.handshake.type == 1):

Identifying local hostnames

From DHCP

In current Wireshark instead of bootp you need to search for DHCP

From NBNS

Decrypting TLS

Decrypting https traffic with server private key

edit>preference>protocol>ssl>

Press Edit and add all the data of the server and the private key (IP, Port, Protocol, Key file and password)

Decrypting https traffic with symmetric session keys

Both Firefox and Chrome have the capability to log TLS session keys, which can be used with Wireshark to decrypt TLS traffic. This allows for in-depth analysis of secure communications. More details on how to perform this decryption can be found in a guide at Red Flag Security.

To detect this search inside the environment for to variable SSLKEYLOGFILE

A file of shared keys will look like this:

To import this in wireshark go to _edit > preference > protocol > ssl > and import it in (Pre)-Master-Secret log filename:

ADB communication

Extract an APK from an ADB communication where the APK was sent:

from scapy.all import *

pcap = rdpcap("final2.pcapng")

def rm_data(data):
    splitted = data.split(b"DATA")
    if len(splitted) == 1:
        return data
    else:
        return splitted[0]+splitted[1][4:]

all_bytes = b""
for pkt in pcap:
    if Raw in pkt:
        a = pkt[Raw]
        if b"WRTE" == bytes(a)[:4]:
            all_bytes += rm_data(bytes(a)[24:])
        else:
            all_bytes += rm_data(bytes(a))
print(all_bytes)

f = open('all_bytes.data', 'w+b')
f.write(all_bytes)
f.close()
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