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Network Services Pentesting
Objection Tutorial
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Introduction

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objection - Runtime Mobile Exploration
objection is a runtime mobile exploration toolkit, powered by Frida. It was built with the aim of helping assess mobile applications and their security posture without the need for a jailbroken or rooted mobile device.
Note: This is not some form of jailbreak / root bypass. By using objection, you are still limited by all of the restrictions imposed by the applicable sandbox you are facing.

Resume

The goal of objection is let the user call the main actions that offers Frida. Otherwise, the user will need to create a single script for every application that he wants to test.

Tutorial

For this tutorial I am going to use the APK that you can download here:
app-release.zip
2MB
Binary
Or from its original repository (download app-release.apk)

Installation

pip3 install objection

Connection

Make a regular ADB conection and start the frida server in the device (and check that frida is working in both the client and the server).
If you are using a rooted device it is needed to select the application that you want to test inside the --gadget option. in this case:
objection --gadget asvid.github.io.fridaapp explore

Basic Actions

Not all possible commands of objections are going to be listed in this tutorial, only the ones that I have found more useful.

Environment

Some interesting information (like passwords or paths) could be find inside the environment.
env

Frida Information

frida

Upload/Download

file download <remote path> [<local path>]
file upload <local path> [<remote path>]

Import frida script

import <local path frida-script>

SSLPinning

android sslpinning disable #Attempts to disable SSL Pinning on Android devices.

Root detection

android root disable #Attempts to disable root detection on Android devices.
android root simulate #Attempts to simulate a rooted Android environment.

Exec Command

android shell_exec whoami

Screenshots

android ui screenshot /tmp/screenshot
android ui FLAG_SECURE false #This may enable you to take screenshots using the hardware keys

Static analysis made Dynamic

In a real application we should know all of the information discovered in this part before using objection thanks to static analysis. Anyway, this way maybe you can see something new as here you will only have a complete list of classes, methods and exported objects.
This is also usefull if somehow you are unable to get some readable source code of the app.

List activities, receivers and services

android hooking list activities
android hooking list services
android hooking list receivers
Frida will launch an error if none is found

Getting current activity

android hooking get current_activity

Search Classes

Lets start looking for classes inside our application
android hooking search classes asvid.github.io.fridaapp

Search Methods of a class

Now lets extract the methods inside the class MainActivity:
android hooking search methods asvid.github.io.fridaapp MainActivity

List declared Methods of a class with their parameters

Lets figure out wich parameters does the methods of the class need:
android hooking list class_methods asvid.github.io.fridaapp.MainActivity

List classes

You could also list all the classes that were loaded inside the current applicatoin:
android hooking list classes #List all loaded classes, As the target application gets usedmore, this command will return more classes.
This is very useful if you want to hook the method of a class and you only know the name of the class. You coul use this function to search which module owns the class and then hook its method.

Hooking being easy

Hooking (watching) a method

From the source code of the application we know that the function sum() from MainActivity is being run every second. Lets try to dump all possible information each time the function is called (arguments, return value and backtrace):
android hooking watch class_method asvid.github.io.fridaapp.MainActivity.sum --dump-args --dump-backtrace --dump-return

Hooking (watching) an entire class

Actually I find all the methods of the class MainActivity really interesting, lets hook them all. Be careful, this could crash an application.
android hooking watch class asvid.github.io.fridaapp.MainActivity --dump-args --dump-return
If you play with the application while the class is hooked you will see when each function is being called, its arguments and the return value.

Changing boolean return value of a function

From the source code you can see that the function checkPin gets a String as argument and returns a boolean. Lets make the function always return true:
Now, If you write anything in the text box for the PIN code you will see tat anything is valid:

Class instances

Search for and print live instances of a specific Java class, specified by a fully qualified class name. Out is the result of an attempt at getting a string value for a discovered objection which would typically contain property values for the object.
android heap print_instances <class>

Keystore/Intents

You can play with the keystore and intents using:
android keystore list
android intents launch_activity
android intent launch_service

Memory

Dump

memory dump all <local destination> #Dump all memory
memory dump from_base <base_address> <size_to_dump> <local_destination> #Dump a part

List

memory list modules
At the bottom os the list you can see frida:
Lets checks what is frida exporting:

Search/Write

You can alse search and write inside memory with objection:
memory search "<pattern eg: 41 41 41 ?? 41>" (--string) (--offsets-only)
memory write "<address>" "<pattern eg: 41 41 41 41>" (--string)

SQLite

You cals can use the command sqlite to interact with sqlite databases.

Exit

exit

What I miss in Objection

  • The hooking methods sometimes crashes the application (this is also because of Frida).
  • You can't use the instaces of the classes to call functions of the instance. And you can't create new instances of classes and use them to call functions.
  • There isn't a shortcut (like the one for sslpinnin) to hook all the common crypto methods being used by the application to see cyphered text, plain text, keys, IVs and algorithms used.
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