Chrome Cache to XSS

Learn AWS hacking from zero to hero with htARTE (HackTricks AWS Red Team Expert)!

More in depth details in this writeup.

The technique discussed here involves understanding the behavior and interaction of two primary cache types: the back/forward cache (bfcache) and the disk cache. The bfcache, which stores a complete snapshot of a page including the JavaScript heap, is prioritized over the disk cache for back/forward navigations due to its ability to store a more comprehensive snapshot. The disk cache, in contrast, stores resources fetched from the web without including the JavaScript heap, and is utilized for back/forward navigations to reduce communication costs. An interesting aspect of the disk cache is its inclusion of resources fetched using fetch, meaning accessed URL resources will be rendered by the browser from the cache.

Key Points:

  • The bfcache has precedence over the disk cache in back/forward navigations.

  • To utilize a page stored in disk cache instead of bfcache, the latter must be disabled.

Disabling bfcache:

By default, Puppeteer disables bfcache, aligning with conditions listed in Chromium's documentation. One effective method to disable bfcache is through the use of RelatedActiveContentsExist, achieved by opening a page with that retains a reference to window.opener.

Reproducing the behavior:

  1. Visit a webpage, e.g.,

  2. Execute open(""), which results in a server response with a 500 status code.

  3. In the newly opened tab, navigate to This action caches the response of as a disk cache.

  4. Use history.back() to navigate back. The action results in the rendering of the cached JSON response on the page.

Verification that the disk cache was utilized can be confirmed through the use of DevTools in Google Chrome.

For further details on bfcache and disk cache, references can be found at on bfcache and Chromium's design documents on disk cache, respectively.

Learn AWS hacking from zero to hero with htARTE (HackTricks AWS Red Team Expert)!

Last updated