Physical attacks
Mobile Apps Pentesting

9100 - Pentesting PJL

Basic Information

The Printer Job Language (PJL) was originally introduced by HP but soon became a de facto standard for print job control. ‘PJL resides above other printer languages’ [1] and can be used to change settings like paper tray or size. It must however be pointed out that PJL is not limited to the current print job as some settings can be made permanent. PJL can also be used to change the printer's display or read/write files on the device. There are many dialects as vendors tend to support only a subset of the commands listed in the PJL reference and instead prefer to add proprietary ones. PJL is further used to set the file format of the actual print data to follow. Without such explicit language switching, the printer has to identify the page description language based on magic numbers. Typical PJL commands to set the paper size and the number of copies before switching the interpreter to PostScript mode are shown below:


PJL can be used for various attacks such as denial of service, manipulating hardware page counters, gaining access to the printer's memory and file system as well as malicious firmware updates.

Default port: 9100

9100/tcp open jetdirect


nmap -sV --script pjl-ready-message -p <PORT> <IP>
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_env_vars
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_list_dir
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_list_volumes
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_ready_message
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_version_info
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_download_file
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_upload_file
msf> use auxiliary/scanner/printer/printer_delete_file