Pentesting

3260 - Pentesting ISCSI

Basic Information

In computing, iSCSI is an acronym for Internet Small Computer Systems Interface, an Internet Protocol (IP)-based storage networking standard for linking data storage facilities. It provides block-level access to storage devices by carrying SCSI commands over a TCP/IP network. iSCSI is used to facilitate data transfers over intranets and to manage storage over long distances. It can be used to transmit data over local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), or the Internet and can enable location-independent data storage and retrieval.

The protocol allows clients (called initiators) to send SCSI commands (CDBs) to storage devices (targets) on remote servers. It is a storage area network (SAN) protocol, allowing organizations to consolidate storage into storage arrays while providing clients (such as database and web servers) with the illusion of locally attached SCSI disks. It mainly competes with Fibre Channel, but unlike traditional Fibre Channel which usually requires dedicated cabling, iSCSI can be run over long distances using existing network infrastructure.

Default port: 3260

PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION
3260/tcp open iscsi?

Enumeration

nmap -sV --script=iscsi-info -p 3260 192.168.xx.xx

This script will indicate if authentication is required.

Manual enumeration

sudo apt-get install open-iscsi

First of all you need to discover the targets name behind the IP:

iscsiadm -m discovery -t sendtargets -p 123.123.123.123:3260
123.123.123.123:3260,1 iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe
[2a01:211:7b7:1223:211:32ff:fea9:fab9]:3260,1 iqn.2000-01.com.synology:asd3.Target-1.d0280fd382
[fe80::211:3232:fab9:1223]:3260,1 iqn.2000-01.com.synology:Oassdx.Target-1.d0280fd382

Note that it will show the IP and port of the interfaces where you can reach those targets. It can even show internal IPs or different IPs from the one you used.

Then you catch the 2nd part of the printed string of each line (iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe from the first line) and try to login:

iscsiadm -m node --targetname="iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe" -p 123.123.123.123:3260 --login
Logging in to [iface: default, target: iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe, portal: 123.123.123.123,3260] (multiple)
Login to [iface: default, target: iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe, portal: 123.123.123.123,3260] successful.

Then, you can logout using –logout

iscsiadm -m node --targetname="iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe" -p 123.123.123.123:3260 --logout
Logging out of session [sid: 6, target: iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe, portal: 123.123.123.123,3260]
Logout of [sid: 6, target: iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe, portal: 123.123.123.123,3260] successful.

We can find more information about it by just using without any --login/--logout parameter

iscsiadm -m node --targetname="iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe" -p 123.123.123.123:3260
# BEGIN RECORD 2.0-873
node.name = iqn.1992-05.com.emc:fl1001433000190000-3-vnxe
node.tpgt = 1
node.startup = manual
node.leading_login = No
iface.hwaddress = <empty>
iface.ipaddress = <empty>
iface.iscsi_ifacename = default
iface.net_ifacename = <empty>
iface.transport_name = tcp
iface.initiatorname = <empty>
iface.bootproto = <empty>
iface.subnet_mask = <empty>
iface.gateway = <empty>
iface.ipv6_autocfg = <empty>
iface.linklocal_autocfg = <empty>
iface.router_autocfg = <empty>
iface.ipv6_linklocal = <empty>
iface.ipv6_router = <empty>
iface.state = <empty>
iface.vlan_id = 0
iface.vlan_priority = 0
iface.vlan_state = <empty>
iface.iface_num = 0
iface.mtu = 0
iface.port = 0
node.discovery_address = 192.168.xx.xx
node.discovery_port = 3260
node.discovery_type = send_targets
node.session.initial_cmdsn = 0
node.session.initial_login_retry_max = 8
node.session.xmit_thread_priority = -20
node.session.cmds_max = 128
node.session.queue_depth = 32
node.session.nr_sessions = 1
node.session.auth.authmethod = None
node.session.auth.username = <empty>
node.session.auth.password = <empty>
node.session.auth.username_in = <empty>
node.session.auth.password_in = <empty>
node.session.timeo.replacement_timeout = 120
node.session.err_timeo.abort_timeout = 15
node.session.err_timeo.lu_reset_timeout = 30
node.session.err_timeo.tgt_reset_timeout = 30
node.session.err_timeo.host_reset_timeout = 60
node.session.iscsi.FastAbort = Yes
node.session.iscsi.InitialR2T = No
node.session.iscsi.ImmediateData = Yes
node.session.iscsi.FirstBurstLength = 262144
node.session.iscsi.MaxBurstLength = 16776192
node.session.iscsi.DefaultTime2Retain = 0
node.session.iscsi.DefaultTime2Wait = 2
node.session.iscsi.MaxConnections = 1
node.session.iscsi.MaxOutstandingR2T = 1
node.session.iscsi.ERL = 0
node.conn[0].address = 192.168.xx.xx
node.conn[0].port = 3260
node.conn[0].startup = manual
node.conn[0].tcp.window_size = 524288
node.conn[0].tcp.type_of_service = 0
node.conn[0].timeo.logout_timeout = 15
node.conn[0].timeo.login_timeout = 15
node.conn[0].timeo.auth_timeout = 45
node.conn[0].timeo.noop_out_interval = 5
node.conn[0].timeo.noop_out_timeout = 5
node.conn[0].iscsi.MaxXmitDataSegmentLength = 0
node.conn[0].iscsi.MaxRecvDataSegmentLength = 262144
node.conn[0].iscsi.HeaderDigest = None
node.conn[0].iscsi.DataDigest = None
node.conn[0].iscsi.IFMarker = No
node.conn[0].iscsi.OFMarker = No
# END RECORD

There is a script to automate login/logout process available at iscsiadm

References